Home Made Bar Soap Part 2
Oils and Fats
It’s a little more difficult to find oils such as avocado and coconut oils ,but many specialty grocery stores should have them.Incase of castor oils you should be able to find large quantities in your local pharmacy.
Wheat and germ oils check out on your local health stores.
Believe it or not most of the additives you will need you will find them in your kitchen.Oatmeal for instance is a common staple in households ,other additives such as herbs can normally be found in your local grocery store for even more unsual subtances to add in your soap.
Most of the equipments you will need to use you will find them in your house you don’t need to go and buy new ones.
First you will need a food scale which is more accurate.You will need to measure things such as oil,fragrances,additives ,sodium hydroxide and even the amount of water you are using.
You will be using lye and it is crucial you use safety googles as it is extremely important to protect your eyes and your skin.
You will also need a heat resistant 2-3 quarter pitcher that is made of stainless steel or plastic.Most prefer plastic because it is inexpensive and works as well as stainless steel.
A large plastic spoon is also need for steering your mixture.
You will need a 3 quart plastic or glass bowl ,this will be used for your liquid oils before you start adding them to your mixture.
Thermometers are also essential for this process and will be needed.A small whisk will be needed to help you in blending your fragrances,colores or essential oils into your mixture.
Choose ladles or plastic made ones.
You have the require equipments let begin making the soap now:
Make sure all your ingredients are ready and make sure you are wearing rubber gloves and safety googles for eye protection.
Add your lye to the water and make sure you stir it well until fully mixed and be aware of the fumes that comes out of the mixture.
Now put the mixture aside and allow it to cool until it reaches 110 degrees fahr.
Make sure you put it in a safe place and one that is well vented.Otherwise put it somewhere outside.
Next take all your oils and put them together and melt them.Then let them cool off to 110 degrees fahrenheit.
Take the melted oil mixture and add the lye/water mixture to it ,taking great care not to spill any.Next you will need to stir it as vigourosly as possible ,until you see the trace starting to occur.The trace will look like a thin custard.
When you have achieved trace ,it time to pour your mixture into your chosen molds.In approximately 5-6 days you should be ready to take them out of their molds and then let them to sit approximately 5-6 weeks, so that they can cure and allow the saponication process to finish.
You should now must be ready to use.